Types of Mediators to Select From

When consideration mediation, one should consider the type of mediator he or she desire. Additionally, the type and style the mediator normally used during the process should match the personality of the disputing parties. In this regard, there are three basic types of mediators to select from. They are the social network type, the authoritative type, and the independent type mediators. Additionally, one should be careful in making a selection by doing some research if that opportunity is available.

The social network mediator is normally an elder from a town or village. This person could also be a highly respected community leader or tribal chief. There is also the possibility for a clergy person to fit this role. This type of mediator is normally concerned with the future outlook of maintaining the long-term relationship of the parties. One must take into consideration, that if in the minds of the disputing parties the mediator is one who will be neutral, then the mediator is a neutral party. The parties actually select this mediator because they really feel that the mediator can and will be fair.

The next type of mediator is the authoritative mediator. This type of mediator may bring a certain type of behavioral mannerism to the mediation session. He or she is normally well-respected, in the upper ranks of management, and has managerial authority whereby a decision can be made. Additionally, this mediator has influence over the parties and can enforce the agreement once one is drafted. This mediator is capable of disciplining the parties if a decision is not made. He or she also has influence over the outcome. This type of mediator normally work in the same environment or place of employment with the parties; he or she may be the president of a corporation where the parties are employed.

The third type of mediator is the independent type mediator. This mediator is the furthest removed from the situation. Furthermore, he or she will also have the furthest form of neutrality and impartiality from the disputing parties in terms of distancing. This person has no ties with anyone or any organization. This individual mediator has no stake in the outcome; however, he or she is still very much engaged in the negotiation process with the parties to obtain an agreement.

These are the basic three types of mediator to select from. Once again, conducting the applicable research to select the best type to match one’s personality to achieve the most effective and efficient outcome is best.

Source by Joseph Spence, Sr.

Epileptic Encephalopathies – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Epileptic encephalopathies are a group of medical conditions characterized by epilepsy which is difficult to treat and usually progressive in nature. This group comprises of eight age related syndromes which include Early Myoclonic Encephalopathy, Ohtahara Syndrome, West Syndrome, Dravet Syndrome, myoclonic status in non-progressive encephalopathies, Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Landau-Kleffner Syndrome, and epilepsy with continuous spike waves. Usually refractory to standard anti-epileptic drugs, these conditions cause a progressive cerebral dysfunction and related physical, mental, and cognitive disabilities. These conditions are usually seen in early childhood and are believed to be due to brain damage resulting from excessive bursts of electrical impulses, during the maturation stage of the brain. Severe cognitive, behavioural and neurological defects can be seen with these conditions, which may even cause early death. Affected individuals who survive to their teens display a reduction in the symptoms of epilepsy; however, residual neurological and cognitive defects are significant.

Most of the syndromes included in epileptic encephalopathies need to be treated aggressively with a combination of new anti- epileptic drugs. These may partially control the convulsions: however, the overall prognosis in most affected individuals remains extremely poor. In such a scenario, Ayurvedic herbal medicines can be judiciously utilized as supportive therapy in order to treat the refractory convulsions, improve and/or prevent cognitive, behavioural and neurological deficits and related symptoms, and improve long-term survival. Though being traditionally refractory to standard treatment, supportive and additional herbal medicines, given in combination and in high doses for prolonged periods – often several years – can bring about significant improvement and maintain the beneficial effect.

Herbal medicines which are useful in these conditions need to perform the role of reducing excessive electrical discharge in the brain cells, and preventing brain damage, as well as preserving and improving the brain’s structural and functional ability to the maximum extent possible. Herbal medicines useful in the treatment of these conditions include Ashwagandha, (Withania somnifera), Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), Shankapushpi (Convolvulus pluricaulis), Vacha (Acorus calamus), Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi), Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina), Khurasani Ajwayan (Hyoscyamus niger), Pippalimool (Piper longum), Bala (Sida cordifolia), Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra), and Haridra (Curcuma longa).

Other herbal and herbomineral combination medicines useful in the treatment of these disorders include Bruhat Vat Chintamani Ras, Maha Vat Vidhvans Ras, Vat Gajankush Ras, Brahmi Vati, Sarpagandha Ghan Vati, Dashmoolarishta, Ashwagandharishta, Shankhpushpi Syrup,Saraswatarishta, and Unmadgajkesri Ras.

Ayurvedic Panchkarma procedures like Shiro-Basti, Shiro-Dhara, Nasya, Basti and full body massage followed by steam fomentation of medicated decoctions, may also be useful in the treatment of epileptic encephalopathies. Medicines like Nirgundi (Vitex negundo) and Dashmool (Ten herbal roots) are especially useful in these procedures. Shiro-Basti involves the retention of medicated oils on the scalp, while Basti involves the use of medicated enemas using oils or decoctions. Several courses of these procedures may be required in patients who are refractory to other treatments.

Ayurvedic herbal medicines can provide an additional as well as supportive role in significantly controlling symptoms, improving quality of life, and increasing the overall life span of affected individuals suffering from these conditions. Ayurvedic herbal treatment thus has a significant role to play in the management and treatment of epileptic encephalopathies.

Source by Abdulmubeen Mundewadi

Depression and Anxiety Contribute to Opioid Misuse, Suggests Study

Advancement in the field of neuroscience has identified how a change in a person’s mindset can alter his or her perception of pain. Besides the common risk factors, other elements, such as tissue damage, psychology, and environment, play a significant role in determining the way a person perceives his or her pain. The tailoring of new, innovative and improved medications to address acute or chronic pain that are commonly marketed as prescription opioids has assisted people overcoming all kind of pain.

Mental disorders, such as anxiety disorders and depression, uniquely add a range of unpleasant emotional feelings that tend to exacerbate physical pain. These disorders greatly dictate the way pain is experienced that suggests that mood disorders, especially depression and anxiety, can aggravate pain, as well as alter a person’s thoughts, behaviors and quality of life.

Due to the worsening of pain, a large number of prescription painkillers are prescribed to adults with such mood disorders. This ever-growing trend has become a matter of concern due to the close relationship between opioid abuse and mental disorders. This demands a thorough reflection over the kind of medications being prescribed to people.

51% of prescriptions go to adults with mental disorders

A study published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine suggests that adults with anxiety and depression are consuming excessive amounts of prescription pills. The study by the researchers from the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth and the University of Michigan has been published at a time rife with the problem of opioid addiction in the United States.

Although the prevalence of mental disorders is only 16 percent among adults, approximately half of all prescription opioids are consumed by them. This highlights a major gap in the distribution of prescription painkillers, especially among people suffering from mood disorders. From the 115 million prescriptions written for opiates every year, 60 million are meant for the individuals with mental illnesses. This is quite an eye-opening data that demands adequate remedial measures.

Brian Sites, a professor of anesthesiology and orthopedics at the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and lead author of the study, said, “Pain that you may report as a two out of 10, someone with mental health disorders- depression, anxiety- may report as a 10 out of 10.”

While prescription opioids could improve depressive symptoms in the short-term, individuals with depression are more likely to experience intensified pain and are less able to cope with it. As a result, individuals with mental disorders are more likely to appeal to the doctor for more opioids.

Doctors may be beguiled into prescribing more pain pills

To ascertain the prevalence of prescription dependency among the individuals with anxiety and depression, the study used national surveys of 2011 and 2013. The respondents provided information on their health and medication regimen. Based on the data and response, the researchers found that over 7 million people out of 38.6 million individuals with anxiety and depression are prescribed opioids each year. The findings suggest that adults with mental disorders are more likely to use prescription opioids (18.7 percent) than those mentally sound (5 percent).

The study also sheds some light on how doctors may be coerced to overprescribe opioids in the case of individuals with anxiety and depression. Most often, opioids are administered for a range of reasons, such as injuries, physical pain and recovery from an operation. However, due to the potent euphoric effects of these medications, there is a huge risk of developing an addiction to them in a very short span of time.

Because mental disorders and substance use share a notorious affinity for one another, it can be an arduous task for doctors to gauge a patient’s pain levels accurately. At times, even well-meaning doctors are susceptible to overprescribing pain pills while being empathetic to their patients. In addition, almost half of all opioids are prescribed by a primary care physician who is also no stranger to individuals with mental disorders.

Dealing with addiction

Opioid addiction has hit the U.S. badly. However, opioid abuse is also found to be colliding with the increased prevalence of mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety disorders, which are aggravating the misuse of opioids. These two conditions also tend to coexist in many cases that can lead to a more complicated diagnosis of co-occurring disorders.

Source by Barbara Odozi

Singapore – The Fine City

Singapore is famous for being the cleanest city in the world. Tourists will be astonished and impressed by the strict rules and regulations formed by the Singapore government. There are many posters in buildings and parks telling people what they should do, what they shouldn’t do and how much they will be fined if they break the rules. That is the reason why Singapore is called “the fine city”.

The Singaporean government wants to establish a clean and green country where all citizens are well educated and are considerately to others. Therefore they have set many strict rules as well as put a lot of instructions and reminders in public places so that people always remember what they aren’t allowed to do and everything is orderly. Children are taught at school and in their family, right from very early ages, about what they should do and how to behave in this society.

If you are a tourist visiting Singapore, you should be considerate and pay attention to every one of your actions. There are many things considered normal in your country but which are illegal in Singapore. You will be fined heavily if you litter or smoke in public places. Also remember to flush public toilets after using it so that you aren’t fined S$500.

It is summer and you enjoy lying on the beach sunbathing. However, if you are in Singapore, you mustn’t go nude or topless when sunbathing, even if it is your own back yard. It is forbidden in Singapore and you will be fined if you’re caught doing that.

Chewing gum is not forbidden in Singapore but bringing gum into the country in large amount is illegal and the gum seller can be sent to jail. Therefore, be careful with what you bring to Singapore. You can find more information about what is not allowed to be brought into Singapore by visiting the Singaporean customs’ website.

Drugs are strictly forbidden in Singapore. People trafficking, manufacturing, importing or exporting more than 15g of heroin, 30g of morphine, 30g of cocaine, 500g of cannabis, 200g of cannabis resin and 1.2kg of opium are sentenced to death. Possessing these amounts is also regarded as trafficking and equals a death penalty. Therefore you must not get involved in drugs in Singapore by any means.

Thanks to the strict laws of Singapore, this country is very safe and orderly. There is virtually no crime, no corruption and you are safe even when walking alone at night. There may be some pickpockets in crowded places. However, they are rare unlike any other Asian countries.

Every year a large number of tourists are fined during their stay in Singapore because they are unaware of the strict rules and regulations. You should read about its rules and regulations carefully before going there and be aware of every board, poster or sign you see. Being a decent person and showing your respect to others, you won’t encounter any problems and will have an enjoyable stay in this clean country.

Source by Michael Russell

Should I Quit Weed Cold-Turkey Or Cut Down Gradually?

A common question people often ask when they first quit weed, is “Should I quit weed cold turkey or cut down slowly?”

Look at it this way; the two contrasting options when quitting weed are obvious:

  • Stop smoking weed cold turkey
  • Stop smoking weed slowly or cut down gradually

Each has advantages, however one of them is clearly the right way to go about quitting weed. Let’s look at both strategies to determine which one will cause you the least discomfort in your efforts to quit.

Quitting Weed Cold Turkey

To stop smoking weed cold turkey means that one day you simply stop, and never look back. The plan is to never smoke again and people are satisfied to take on all withdrawals at once, knowing that it is only going to be once.

Like they say: Do it one time, and do it properly.

It is very easy to plan to quit cold turkey, although you need to make a plan for the onset of withdrawals and decreased stress tolerance. You may not be the nicest person in this time.

  • PROS: Less planning
  • CONS: More stressful (if you don’t know what you are doing!)

Quitting Marijuana Gradually

To slowly cut back is the opposite. You hope to experience more bearable withdrawals for a longer time, this way the hurdle of quitting altogether seems lowered and you have more chance of success in the long run – that’s the thinking behind it anyway.

  • PROS: More planning and discipline
  • CONS: Less stressful, although it may not work

Which Method Works For Often For More People?

Although different people employ different strategies to cope with marijuana addiction, the fact is that one of these ways works far more often than the other – on almost every person.

Believe it or not, when it comes to stopping a marijuana addiction, cold turkey is the answer.

Cold turkey is definite. There is not a lot to contemplate after you have passed your ‘quitting date’.

Quitting gradually may seem easier at the beginning (obviously – you haven’t even quit yet) but many people fail in the long run when they try this tactic. It’s almost a trap!

Don’t cigarette smokers cut back slowly to help them quit?

Yes they do, although it would be wise of you not compare a marijuana addiction to a nicotine addiction. Chemicals in nicotine are purely physical addictions, fueling a physical need in the consumer.

Marijuana’s strength and cravings lie mainly in the psychological addictions it creates in users. This will keep you coming back to weed, and this is what you will need to deal with primarily in order to quit. Do yourself a good deed, quit weed cold turkey.

Source by Seb Grant

Depersonalization Cure – It Takes Time and Skills, But is Eventually Treatable!

Depersonalization is quite frightening without a doubt and many think this is a condition that is permanent and will haunt them for the rest of their lives, however the opposite is often the truth as the prognosis for recovery is good, with the right guide even better. The following article should serve you as the basic guideline to help you out from depersonalization towards an emotion-rich and anxiety-free life.

There are several things that have helped me a lot with overcoming my anxiety and so depersonalization as anxiety is often the main cause of depersonalization. The things I found most useful are:

1. Eat vitamins and supplements – depersonalization is a sign that something is wrong, usually indicates a chemical imbalance in the brain. Eating supplements and vitamins such as Alpha-Lipoic acid, B vitamins, Zinc are essential in restoring your brain’s chemical balance. Do not expect overnight results and do not give up on supplementing yourself, you will see positive results in several weeks or months, but remember its worth it.

2. Exercise and take your mind of it! – Thinking obsessively about your depersonalization and questioning what could you have done differently to prevent it wont help you believe me, it will only make matters worse. You are already depersonalized and its good to know what the trigger was (such as drug abuse, shock, panic attack) in order to prevent yourself becoming more depersonalized, if it was cannabis what triggered your depersonalization, stop using it, if it was strong anxiety that triggered it then learn to handle your anxiety efficiently. Doing some of your favorite activities will allow you to keep your thoughts on a different track, allowing you to relax yourself at least by a little bit. Exercise also promotes a happier mood as endorphins are being released.

3. Do not drink alcohol, nor smoke or use other drugs – avoid caffeine, too much sugar and drugs in general as these will worsen your anxiety and so worsen your depersonalization. If you continue to smoke or drink, it will take much longer for your brain to regenerate. Drugs such as alcohol only hide your anxiety in short term, however they worsen anxiety in long term as the rapid shifts of mood due to drugs baffle your brain.

These are the basics in treating depersonalization, it may be hard to follow and fulfill, but don’t stop and keep trying as you will eventually snap out of it. Even I did after long 9 months (some resolve quicker, some slower), at first I was doing the wrong things such as drinking caffeine which only make things worse, but with time I learned what are the dos and don’ts regarding depersonalization are and became re-personalized if that is a word.

There is much more to know, so keep researching, look through different links. Books and websites about anxiety can greatly help you by putting you on the right track towards curing your depersonalization, remember anxiety is the major cause of depersonalization so most of the treatment for depersonalization consists of suppressing your anxiety. Very few things in life are permanent, the same goes for depersonalization, so do not worry too much about it.

Source by Patrick Andersen

The Pros and Cons of Wheatgrass

Wheatgrass has many, many pros and very few cons. It is a potent superfood with a hefty list of benefits and very few to absolutely no negative side effects. Not only can it be taken for your general well-being, but it can also be used to treat an array of ailments as well.

About Wheatgrass

You may be wondering what exactly wheatgrass is. Is it a wheat or is it a grass? It’s actually both. It is derived from the special “leaf seeds” of common wheat, called cotyledons. All wheats are grasses. Wheatgrass actually looks more similar to bright, green grass than it does other types of wheat. The growing process is similar to that of growing malt wheat, but wheatgrass is allowed to grow for a longer period of time. It is harvested when the sprouts begin to split and all of the parts that are above the ground are used. This is when it will provide the optimum nutrition.

What It Does

Superfoods all have really high nutritional value and wheatgrass is no exception. It has high quantities of vitamins A, C and E, along with calcium, magnesium, iron and lots of amino acids. It is an excellent way to round out your diet and provide you with new energy and vitality, especially when paired with other superfoods.

Along with all of the vitamins and minerals, wheatgrass has antioxidant, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It is a well-rounded immune system booster. It also increases the production of hemoglobin in the red blood cells. This helps to purify the bloodstream as well as more efficiently deliver oxygen to the rest of the body. With this increased oxygen flow, you will find yourself feeling better both physically as well as mentally.

While removing toxins from the blood it also helps to cleanse the liver. It can even remove heavy metal and drug deposits that may have accumulated. Wheatgrass is also great for irrigating the body. It is a mild diuretic and can help to remove impurities as well as bacteria from the bladder, kidneys and other parts of the urinary tract.

Who Should Take It

Everyone can benefit from a small dose of wheatgrass daily. It is such a great superfood that you only need a small amount to experience the effects such as having more energy and fewer colds. Some people with certain conditions or certain ailments can get added benefits from wheatgrass. It is also obviously a good choice for anyone engaging in a detox or body cleansing regimen.

Because of it’s amazing effects on red blood cells, wheatgrass is a good way to lower blood pressure and cholesterol. It is also helpful for those with diabetes and other blood sugar conditions. It is excellent for combating infections, especially bacterial ones. As a diuretic as well as an anti-bacterial agent, it is particularly effective against UTIs and similar infections.

As a short term remedy, it can ease sore throats along with respiratory symptoms of the cold and flu. It is also good for mild joint pain, including arthritis. It can even act as a digestive aid. Many people also enjoy the taste so it is used in a number of food and drink products to enhance the flavor.

Forms of Wheatgrass

Wheatgrass is a staple of specialty food stores. You can buy the raw wheatgrass, wheatgrass juice or powder, as well as wheatgrass pills and tablets. Wheatgrass has a distinct and strong flavor that is somewhat sweet. Some people dislike the flavor, which turns them away from raw, juice and powder forms. Luckily, tablets are now readily available and they do not even have an aftertaste.

Wheatgrass juice is believed to provide the largest amounts of benefits. People often take “shots” of the juice because that is all that is needed. Some people chase it with fruit juice or incorporate it into smoothies. Drinking the juice can unfortunately get a bit expensive though.

The powdered wheatgrass can be bought in bulk and tends to last longer than the juice. Many people are turning to the powdered form. It is processed though so it does lose a bit of its nutritional value. Wheatgrass is so high in nutrients, though, that even the powdered form still has the qualities of a superfood.

Side Effects

As far as negative side effects of wheatgrass go, they are very uncommon. A small number of people may experience mild nausea, constipation or loss of appetite after taking wheatgrass. The benefits definitely out-weigh these mild side effects for most, so give one of the forms of wheatgrass a try.

Source by Marjorie Jaffe